MEASUREMENT OF AC LOSSES FOR APPLICATION OF Bi-2212 BULK SUPERCONDUCTOR IN FAULT CURRENT LIMITER

 

See Khay Wai1,2 , Noor Saleha Selamat1, Pang Jia Yew1 , Nasri A. Hamid1,

Amir Basha Ismail1 and Badrol Ahmad2

 

1College of Graduate Studies, Universiti Tenaga Nasional,

43009 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

2TNB Research Sdn. Bhd.

Jalan Air Hitam, Kawasan Institusi Penyelidikan,
43000
Kajang, Selangor

 

ABSTRACT

A key issue for most applications of superconductivity involves AC losses. Designers need to understand the mechanisms of AC losses in order to lay out the conductors and windings correctly to predict the performance range in operation. AC losses in high temperature superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox (Bi-2212) bulk material used in a fault current limiter model have been investigated through the measurement of the actual specific heat of the sample and a time varying magnetic field. This paper derives simple, if approximate, expression for calculating the losses in the most important cases for practical purposes. Four different orientations of the sample with respect to the field were tested and the results are shown graphically. It will be shown also the comparison between experimental calorimetric results and theoretical analysis of various direction of the applied field. AC loss characteristics were employed to evaluate the nominal and activation current of the full scale fault current limiter.

 

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