Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No 1 (2004) 13-20
THE EFFECTS OF CULLET LEVEL IN THE FORMATION OF P2O5 - CaO BASED GLASS.
1Mazlina Mat Darus, 2Mohd.Mustamam Abd. Karim, 3Md. Rahim Sahar
1,2Physics Department, Faculty of Science And Technology, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris,
35900, Tg. Malim, Perak, Malaysia,
3Material Science Panel, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
81310, Skudai, J. Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.
Factors in determining the right composition of the starting material for cullet-P2O5-CaO glass system were studied. The formation of the glass is very much compositional dependence and the best sets for the glass formation was found to be in the range between 60 wt% P2O5 + (40 – x) wt% cullet + x wt% CaO where 1 ≤ x ≤ 5. The samples are less hygroscopic as the composition of CaO which is acting as a modifier increases. The suitable temperature for glass melting was 1450oC and the time needed was 5 hours for the mixture to
melt completely before it can be quenched. The microstructure of the glass samples were examined by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X -Ray Diffraction (XRD). The actual composition of the samples were determined by The Energy Dispersive Analysis by X- ray (EDAX).
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