Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No 1 (2004) 82-89




M.M.Ghretlia, K.B.Khalida, M.H.Sahrib, I.V.Grozescua and Z.Abbasa

a Department of physics,

Faculty of Science and environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


bFaculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia





In order to device a sensor system that is capable of measuring moisture content of diverse agriculture products and crops (i.e. natural rubber latex, liquids, etc), a dual frequency sensor system has to be developed .The original idea of taking a large number of measurements (based on  near field reflection method) at two different frequencies in the X-Band (8.48 and

11.65 GHz) is the driving motive for this research. The replacement of the conventional open horn antenna with microstrip radiating patches will make the sensor more versatile and compact. With the appropriate correlation, a calibration equation was found that instantly gives  independent  moisture  content  and/or  dry  mass  content  of  the  sample  under consideration regardless of other intervening factors (i.e. measuring the moisture content of a sample independent of its bulk density). The sensor works with a laptop pc. The design and development  of  software  using  a  graphical  programming  language  (Lab  View)  helped analyze, manipulate and manage the huge set of data collected. The software provided error correction and incorporated the calibration of the system in order to display numerically and graphically the properties of the sample under test.




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