Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2004) 136-143




Masliana Muslimin, Mohamad Deraman, Mohd. Hafizuddin Jumali, Ramli Omar. Izan Roshawaty Mustapa*, Mazliza Mohtar, Astimar Abdul Aziz, Rus Mahayuni Abd. Rahman and AbuBakar Elshiekh Abdelrahman


School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan

Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

*Department of  Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan

Idris, 35900 Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia






Self-adhesive carbon grain (SACG) prepared from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) by a low carbonization process were treated with 1, 3, 5 and 7 Molar (M) nitric acid (HNO3) at

270C  and  1000C.  The  SACG  green  pellets  were  converted  into  carbon  pellets  by  a

carbonization process up to 10000C in N2 environment using a multi-step heating profile. The treatment was found to increase the green pellets density from 1.24 gcm-3 to about 1.35gcm-3, but there was no significant change in pellet density after carbonization. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that 1 M treatment at 270C caused the stacking height (Lc) and width (La) of microcrystallites of carbon pellets to increase from 0.866 to 1.339 nm and from 3.534 to

8.720 nm respectively. Above 1 M the microcrystallite dimension of carbon pellets decreased but their values are still higher than that for the untreated samples. A similar trend was observed for the treatment at 1000C. The BET isotherm plots show that the increase in molarity can widen the middle region of the relative pressure that has negative curves, and for molarity higher than 3 M the BET experiment is no longer able to produce such a plot. This results  demonstrate  that  a  significant  change  in  the  microcrystallite dimension  or  pore structure in carbon pellets due to the treatment is corresponding to a dramatic change in their adsorption capacity.




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