Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2004) 213-218


*Syahriyal, Ramli Omar, Ibrahim Abu Talib, Mohamad Deraman, Mohd Hafizudin Jumali, Elvaswer and Tulus Ikhsan Nasution

School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan

Email: *


Composites of xZnO:CuO with 1 ≤ x ≤ 3 composition ratio were fabricated in the form of pellets by sintering at 800oC. Their electrical conductivity and hydrogen gas sensitivity were examined between 100 and 500oC. Sample consisting of 1.5ZnO:CuO was found to have the highest sensitivity to both 5%H2 and 200 ppm H2. The sensitivity of the samples was found to decrease for the values of x greater than 2. The samples also shows higher sensitivity to 5%H2 than 200 ppm H2 above 250oC. The electrical conductivity of the composites varies with temperature and has a minimum values when the ZnO content is about 60-67 mole% for temperature above 350oC.


[1] P. Hauptman, (1991). Sensors (Salisbury, UK), 115-225.

[2] C.C. Wang, S.A. Akbar and M.J. Madou, (1998). J. Electroceramics, 2; 273-282.

[3] S.T. Jun and G.M. Choi, (1994). Sens. & Actuators B: Chemical, 17; 175-178.

[4] Y. Ushio, M. Miyayama and H. Yanagida, (1994). Sens. & Actuators B: Chemical, 17; 221-226.

[5] J.H. Yu and G.M. Choi, (1998). Sens. & Actuators B: Chemical, 52; 251-256.

[6] M. Miyayama, Y. Nakamura, H. Yanagida and K. Koumoto, (1991). Elsevier Applied Science (London, UK), 76-83.

[7] C.B. Alcock, (1992). J. Solid State Ionics, 53; 3-17.

[8] J.D. Choi and G.M. Choi, (2000). Sens & Actuators B: Chemical, 69; 120-126.