Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 15, No 1 (2007) 169-175
Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN MICROWAVE HEATING TECHNIQUE
AND CONVENTIONAL HEATING TECHNIQUE IN PREPARING
Sr4Al14O25:Eu2+ POWDER SAMPLES
Izdihar Ishaka and Alias Daudb
aMatriculation Center, International Islamic University
bPhysics Dept., University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
Comparative studies were done on the Sr4Al14O25:Eu2+ samples prepared using the conventional heating technique and microwave heating technique. A simple microwave heating system was designed for firing the phosphor samples. The system consists of metal chamber fitted with an 800W magnetron operating at 2.45 GHz. The synthesis technique prior to the microwave heating will be described. In the conventional method, the samples were sintered in a tube furnace at a temperature of 1200oC for three hours in flowing N2/H2 (90%/10%) environment. However for the samples sintered using microwave, only a quarter of the time is needed. The X-Ray diffraction (XRD) data indicates that the sample is polycrystalline and acquires the host structure. The Photoluminescence (PL) and Photoluminescence Excitation (PLE) spectra for the powder phosphor prepared show similar results as those prepared using the conventional method. The Sr4Al14O25;Eu2+ powder samples doped with Eu2+ show strong blue green emission peaking at 538nm. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) picture taken shows that the crystal size of the microwave irradiated samples is smaller in comparison to those prepared using the conventional method. These results indicate that the microwave heating technique is a reliable, fast and suitable technique to produce these powder phosphors. The characteristics of these phosphors are as good as those prepared using the conventional heating technique.
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