Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 15, No 2 (2007) 182-189
EFFECT OF RICE HUSK-DERIVED SiO2-AEROGEL ON THE STRENGTH AND THERMAL INSULATING PROPERTY OF ORDINARY PORTLAND CEMENT
Umi Sarah Jais and Noor Zein Abd Mukhtar
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA,40450 Shah Alam, Selangor
Silica (SiO2) aerogel is well known to have high porosity and light weight. In this study the effect of SiO2 aerogel derived from local rice husks (RH-aerogel) on the strength and thermal conductivity of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was investigated. The objective of the study was to produce a stronger building block with improved thermal insulating property. Increasing amounts of up to 7 % by weight of RH-aerogel were added to an OPC-water mixture as cement replacement. The mixture was well blended and casted into cubic blocks. The compressive strength and the thermal conductivity of the resultant blocks were determined at various intervals of hydration. Results of the study revealed that the addition of up to 7 wt% RH-aerogel to OPC did not significantly affect the compressive strength but reduced significantly the thermal conductivity by 50%. Comparison using rice husk ash in place of the RH-aerogel confirmed the superiority of the latter as a better cement replacement material since it has an added advantage of being thermally insulating, suitable for a hot country like Malaysia.
. T. M. Tillotson, L. W. Hrubesh (1992) J. Non Crystalline Solids 145, 44.
. A. Venkateswara Rao, G. M. Pajonk, N. N. Parvathy, (1994) J. Sol-Gel Science Techno. 3, 205.
. Z. Deng J., Wang A. Wu, J. Shen, B. Zhou (1998) J. Non-Crystalline Solids 225, 101.
. G. M. Pajonk, (1991) Appl. Catal., 72, 217.
. M. Schmidt, F. Schwertfeger (1998), J. Non-Crystalline Solids 225, 364.
. G. Poelz (1986), Aerogels, ed by J. Fricke, Springer Proc in Physics 6, 176.
. R.Vacher, T. Woignier, J. Phalippou, J. Pelous and E. Courtens (1989), Appl. Phy. C4-24, 127.
. S. S. Kistler (1931), Nature 127, 741.
. S.Yoda, S. Ohshima, F. Ikazaki (1998) J Non-Crystalline Solids 231, 41.
. H. Temon, T. Kitamura, M. Okazaki (1998) J. Colloid Interface Sci. 197, 353
. A. Venkateswara Rao, A. Parvathy Rao, M. M. Kulkarni (2004), J. Non-Crystalline Solids 350, 224.
. M.F. de Souza, P. S. Batista, Iregiani, J. B. L. Liborio, D. P. F. De Souza, (1998), Mat. Res. 3, 1439.
. F. Schwertfeger, D. Frank and M. Schmidt (1998), J. Non-Crystalline Solids 225, 24.